Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

King, Rufus (1755-1827) to Timothy Pickering

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC04798 Author/Creator: King, Rufus (1755-1827) Place Written: London Type: Letter signed Date: 9 November 1797 Pagination: 2 p. ; 25.4 x 20.3 cm.

Summary of Content: Written by King as American Ambassador to Britain to Secretary of State Pickering. Written in numeric cipher, probably concerning the implications of XYZ Affair. Letter was unable to be uncoded at this time. Cipher could possibly be in the Rufus King Papers at New-York Historical Society.

Background Information: Signer of the U.S. Constitution.


Historical Era: The New Nation, 1783-1815

Subjects: Codes and SignalsXYZ AffairDiplomacyForeign AffairsGlobal History and CivicsGovernment and CivicsQuasi-warFrance

Sub Era: The Early Republic

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