Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845) to John C. Calhoun

High-resolution images are available to schools and libraries via subscription to American History, 1493-1943. Check to see if your school or library already has a subscription. Or click here for more information. You may also order a pdf of the image from us here.

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC05589 Author/Creator: Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845) Place Written: Nashville, Tennessee Type: Autograph letter signed Date: 30 November 1818 Pagination: 1 p. : docket ; 24.6 x 20.2 cm

Acknowledges the appointment of an agent to the Choctaw Indian Nation. Expresses gratitude that the treaty he and Isaac Shelby brokered with the Chickasaws met with then Secretary of War Calhoun's approval. In the treaty, the Chickasaw relinquished their claims to land east of the Mississippi River and north of the Mississippi state line and were given a $20,000, fifteen-year annuity. After Secretary of War Calhoun's approval, President Monroe made the agreement official on January 7, 1819. As a result, both Kentucky and Tennessee expanded far beyond their former border, the Tennessee River. The Kentucky portion was nicknamed the Jackson Purchase.

Isaac Shelby was a Revolutionary War hero who twice served as governor of Kentucky.

Nashville Novb.r 30.th 1818
Head quarters }
D. of the South }
Sir
I have the honour to acknowledge the recpt of your letter of the 13.th Instant, advising that Col.o Wikee agent for the choctows have been charged with the payment of the warriors of that nation late in the Service of the U. States, of which I have notified Capt Hogan paymaster of the 4.th Infantry.
It is gratifying to me, to find that the late treaty concluded by Gov. Shelby and myself with the chikisaw nation of Indians, meets with your approbation.
I am very respectfully
yr. mo. ob, serv,
Andrew Jackson
Major Genl comdg

The Honble
J. C. Calhoun
Sec of War -

[docket]
Nashville 30 Nov 1818.

Genl
Andrew Jackson
Here recd letter 13th inst.
On the subject of paying
the Indians late in Service
& [be] glad the Late Treaty
made by Gov Shelby & himself
pleases the Secy

Dec 1818

Order a CopyCitation Guidelines for Online Resources