Jefferson, Thomas (1743-1826) [Patent for Edward West's improvement, being a machine for cutting and heading nails]
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Signed by Thomas Jefferson as President. Countersigned by James Madison as Secretary of State and Levi Lincoln as Attorney General. West's written description of his invention is signed by Andrew Holmes and Lewis Sanders as witnesses. Contains a paper seal and faded white ribbon. Several unattached ribbon scraps accompany this document.
Edward West, a Lexington, Kentucky watchmaker and silversmith, also patented a steam engine and a gun lock. His nail-cutting and heading machine was the first of its kind, and West is said to have been paid $10,000 for what was, at the time, an important innovation.
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