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Sayls, Marnie, (fl. 1973) to Congressman Carlos J. Moorhead

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC09613.02.0178 Author/Creator: Sayls, Marnie, (fl. 1973) Place Written: Galeta, California Type: Typed letter signed Date: 1973-1974 Pagination: 1 p. ; 28 x 21.5 cm.

Summary of Content: One letter from Marnie Sayls to Congressman Carlos J. Moorhead dated 1973-1974. Sayls supports the impeachment of President Nixon, She mentions the firing of special prosecutor Archibald Cox and declares, "The disregard for the separation of powers principle by the President lends a rather hollow ring to his earlier claim for the right of retention of the so-called 'Watergate tapes' and presidential papers."

Background Information: The "Watergate tapes" refer to 18 1/2 minutes of footage that was missing from recordings taken in Richard Nixon's oval office. The missing footage recorded a conversation between Nixon and his Chief ...of Staff Harry Robbins Haldeman three days after the Watergate break in. According to Haldeman's notes one of the topics during the meeting were arrests made at the Watergate Hotel break-in.

The Saturday Night Massacre took place the evening of Saturday, October 20, 1973. President Richard Nixon ordered Attorney General Elliot Richardson to fire special prosecutor Archibald Cox; Richardson refused and resigned. Nixon then ordered Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus to fire Cox; Ruckelshaus also refused and resigned. Nixon then ordered Solicitor General Robert Bork, the third senior member of the Justice Department, to fire Cox. Bork considered resigning, but did as Nixon asked. The reactions to Nixon's actions were highly damaging to the president. A new special counsel was appointed on November 1, 1973, and on November 14, 1973, a court ruled that the dismissal had been illegal.

Carlos J. Moorhead was born on May 5, 1922 in Long Beach, California. He was elected Representative for the 43rd Assembly District of California from 1966 until 1972. During his tenure, Moorhead was Vice Chair of the Natural Resources, Planning and Public Works Committee, and a member of the California Law Revision Commission. Moorhead left the Assembly after being elected in 1972 to the U.S. House of Representatives as a Republican. He was elected to represent California's 20th district beginning his term in the House in 1973, Moorhead served on the Judiciary Committee during the impeachment hearings of President Nixon. Moorhead voted no on all three Articles of Impeachment adopted by the House Judiciary Committee on July 27, 1974.
See More

People: Cox, Archibald, 1912-2004
Moorhead, Carlos J., 1922-2011
Nixon, Richard Milhous, 1913-1994
Sayls, Marnie, fl. 1973

Historical Era: 1945 to the Present

Subjects: WatergateImpeachmentPresident

Sub Era: The Seventies

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