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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Virginia Commission on Constitutional Government The Civil Rights Cases

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC09641.32 Author/Creator: Virginia Commission on Constitutional Government Place Written: Richmond, Virginia Type: Pamphlet Date: 1963 Pagination: 1 pamphlet ; 22 p. ; 21.7 x 14 cm.

One pamphlet printed in 1963 opposing John F. Kennedy's Civil Rights Act. The item details the history of "Force Acts" as violation of the Fourteenth Amendment and that businesses should not have to abide by what the legislation was requesting: equal rights and services for all despite race, gender or religion. Text includes a summary and analysis of civil rights cases decided in 1883.

The Virginia Commission on Constitutional Government was created to promote writings and opinions against integration, federal-level civil rights statutes and other Supreme Court decisions in light of the Civil Rights era.

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