Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 65,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Galloway, Joseph (1731-1803) to Committee of Correspondence for the Colony of Virginia

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC07666 Author/Creator: Galloway, Joseph (1731-1803) Place Written: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Type: Letter signed Date: 1 July 1774 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Co-signed by Samuel Rhoads and Joseph Galloway on behalf of the committee. Galloway was Speaker of the Pennsylvania Assembly and would eventually become a well known Loyalist after his Plan of Union was rejected. References their letter asking the Assembly to communicate their sentiments "on the unhappy Dispute with the Mother Country." Says they cannot see the recent actions of Parliament in any light other than an opportunity to extract funds from the colonies. Hopes for a cool and dispassionate mediation in favor of their rights as English subjects. Hopes the rights of Americans will be left to the management of their own representatives. Says they live in a society of order and reason and that violence should be avoided. Says "A Congress of Delegates, chosen either by the Representatives in Assembly or by them in Convention, appears to su the first proper Step to be taken." Hopes this Congress, in their united wisdom, can produce a document to protest British actions and assert their rights. Postscript says the Governor has called for the Assembly to meet on 18 July 1774. In pencil at the bottom of the fourth page is written "Hon Peyton Randolph Chairman."

People:

Historical Era: American Revolution, 1763-1783

Keywords/Subjects: Loyalist, Revolutionary War, Global History and Civics, Foreign Affairs, Government and Civics, Taxes or Taxation, Law, Continental Congress, Congress

Sub Era: Road to Revolution