Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 65,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Green, Thomas J. (Thomas Jefferson) (1802-1863) to James Gadsden

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC03587.05 Author/Creator: Green, Thomas J. (Thomas Jefferson) (1802-1863) Place Written: New York, New York Type: Autograph letter signed Date: 12 October 1853 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Introduces Mr. Robert Rose, who is hand delivering this letter, as a businessman connected with building the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, of which Gadsden is an advocate. Writes that if Gadsden is successful in securing a treaty with Mexico for Sonora, he should insist upon 30 degrees north latitude from the Rio Grande to the Gulf of California. He says that the land is rich in silver, is closer to a Chinese trading post, and will be accessible by railroad. Encloses a letter for Hon. Robert J. Walker regarding the "Pacific road" (not included). Imprint in the upper left corner reads "O & H."

People: Gadsden, James, 1788-1858.
Green, Thomas J. (Thomas Jefferson), 1802-1863.
Walker, Robert J. (Robert John), 1801-1869.
Rose, Robert, fl. 1853.

Historical Era: National Expansion and Reform, 1815-1860

Keywords/Subjects: American Statesmen, Government and Civics, Treaty, Diplomacy, Latin and South America, American West, Mexican War, Military History, Politics, Global History and US Foreign Policy, Global History and US Foreign Policy, Letter of Introduction or Recommendation, Boundary or Property Dispute, Mining, Railroad, Industry, Immigration and Migration, Transportation, Merchants and Trade, Commerce

Sub Era: Age of Jackson