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Clinton, Henry, Sir (1738?-1795) to Lord George Germain

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC04283 Author/Creator: Clinton, Henry, Sir (1738?-1795) Place Written: New York, New York Type: Letter signed Date: July 1778 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Written by Clinton as Command of Chief of British forces in America to Germain as British Secretary of State for the American Colonies. Detailed report of his recent activity. Says he evacuated Philadelphia on 18 June 1778. Details the problems of the retreat across New Jersey. On page three lists the units undertaking certain actions in the margin. Mentions tough crossing of the Raritan River. Believes Washington's army to have 20,000 troops. Says the Queens Light Dragoons repulsed the American calvary under Lafayette, which was the opening movements in the Battle of Monmouth. Describes the action at that battle. Describes the heroic efforts of the navy to build a bridge to Sandy Hook Island to facilitate the retreat to New York. Laments the loss of Lieutenant Colonel Monckton, commander of the 2nd Battalion of Grenadiers. Praises the services of Lord Cornwallis, Major General Gray, and Brigadier Generals Mathew, Leslie, and Sir William Erskine. Says that Colonel Paterson, who is delivering this report, can provide any further information Germain might need. Report is bound with red string. Page one is fronted by a piece of paper cut in a wave pattern.

People: Clinton, Henry

Historical Era: American Revolution, 1763-1783

Keywords/Subjects: Revolutionary War, Revolutionary War General, Military History, Global History and Civics, Foreign Affairs, Continental Army, Battle, Battle of Monmouth, Infrastructure, Building Construction, Death

Sub Era: The War for Independence