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Coolidge, Calvin (1872-1933) [Presidential pardon to restore Robert E. Hicks' civil rights, convicted 29 May 1903 of mailing abortion-related materials and sentenced to 10 months]

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC00230.02 Author/Creator: Coolidge, Calvin (1872-1933) Place Written: Washington, D.C. Type: Document signed Date: 06 June 1927 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Hicks was convicted of sending "unmailable matter" (i.e., abortion materials, possibly a violation of the Comstock Law) through the mail by the U.S. District Court of Southern New York. He was sentenced to ten months in Kings County Penitentiary, Brooklyn, New York and to pay a $1,000 fine. He fled the country, but returned in 1915 to serve his sentence. Wilson commuted his sentence (see also GLC 230.06) and Coolidge pardons him to restore his civil rights because "since his release he has conducted himself in an exemplary manner." Countersigned by William D. Mitchell. Printed document with blanks filled in with type.

People: Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933.
United States. President (1923-1929 : Coolidge).
Mitchell, William DeWitt (1874-1955).

Historical Era: Progressive Era to New Era, 1900-1929

Keywords/Subjects: President, Women's History, Abortion, Pardon, Law, Criminals and Outlaws, Health and Medical, Civil Rights, Vice President

Sub Era: The Roaring Twenties