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Custer, George Armstrong (1839-1876) [Report on the Battle of Washita]

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC04606 Author/Creator: Custer, George Armstrong (1839-1876) Place Written: Oklahoma Type: Manuscript document Date: 22 December 1868 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Written in the hand of Custer's Sergeant Pierre A. Bunker of the 7th Cavalry, prepared for Custer's signature. Custer reports at length and in graphic detail on his military activities and observations at the Battle of Washita against Chief Black Kettle's village of Southern Cheyenne. The battle also involved the Arapahoe, Kiowa, and Apache. Provides "extracts...from Dr Sippincott's report" listing deaths and injuries sustained by the soldiers. Explores the possible consequences of the battle and the effort to cripple Indian resistance. Estimates the "entire loss of the Indians in killed wounded and missing not far from three hundred." Concludes by noting that the Indian chiefs acknowledge the overwhelming defeat. Many consider the battle a massacre. Many women and children were killed along with the men and their homes and winter provisions were burned.

People: Custer, George Armstrong, 1839-1876.
Bunker, Pierre A., 1845-1876.

Historical Era: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

Keywords/Subjects: Military History, Frontiers and Exploration, Westward Expansion, American West, American Indian History, Battle, Death, Injury or Wound, Massacre, Wartime Pillaging and Destruction, Women's History, Children and Family

Sub Era: Reconstruction