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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 65,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Adair & Smith (1861-1864) Southern confederacy. [Vol. 2, no. 186 (September 23, 1862)]

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC05959.09.072 Author/Creator: Adair & Smith (1861-1864) Place Written: Atlanta, Georgia. Type: Newspapers Date: 23 September 1862 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Reprints "The Official Report of Gen. Pope--His Excuses for His Defeat"; caption reads "As a prominent feature in the history of this war, we give Pope's official report of the battles of Manassas. It is pregnant with lies". Other articles include: "The Surrender of Harper's Ferry--Battle in Maryland," and "Battle of Maryland;" both reprints from the Richmond Enquirer, and "Defenses on the Red River." Includes accounts of troop movements and battle reports, advertisements, local news, and a printing of a soldier's letter to his family ("Letter from Soldier JIm").

People: Pope, John, 1822-1892.

Historical Era: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

Keywords/Subjects: First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas), Civil War, Military History, Confederate States of America, Battle of Harpers Ferry, Surrender, Union Forces, Union General, Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas), Battle

Sub Era: The American Civil War