1800

In 1800, the nation again had a choice between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. Adams had lost support through his attempt to remain neutral in the French-British conflict and through the passage of the Alien and Sedition Acts. His own Federalist Party was split, and Adams came in third. Jefferson and his running mate Aaron Burr each received the same number of electoral votes. Under the Constitution, the election was then thrown into the Federalist-controlled House of Representatives. After six days and thirty-six ballots, the House of Representatives elected Thomas Jefferson the third president of the United States. In his inaugural address, Jefferson attempted to allay Federalist fears of a Republican reign of terror by declaring, “We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists.”

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