Horace Greeley (1811–1872) was the influential editor of the New York Daily Tribune. Greeley founded the Tribune in 1841 and edited the paper for more than thirty years. Greeley used the paper as a platform for reform causes. He opposed slavery, tobacco and alcohol use, gambling, and prostitution. Greeley also supported westward expansion. In 1854, after the disintegration of the Whig Party, Greeley became involved in the newly formed Republican Party and used the Tribune to promote its anti-slavery platform. During the Civil War, Greeley alternated between supporting and criticizing Abraham Lincoln. He became the subject of much public criticism after the war in 1867, when he helped post bail for Jefferson Davis. He later broke from the Republican Party and joined the Liberal Republican Party, running unsuccessfully as its presidential candidate in 1872.

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