Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson (1824–1863) was a celebrated Confederate general in the American Civil War. Born in Virginia, Jackson graduated from West Point and served in the Mexican-American War. He resigned his commission in 1851 to take a position as a professor at the Virginia Military Institute. When Virginia seceded in 1861, Jackson remained loyal to the state and was commissioned as a Confederate colonel. He was soon promoted to brigadier general and took part in the First Battle of Bull Run. There, his forces held their line and Jackson earned his historic nickname, “Stonewall.” Jackson was promoted again to major general and soon saw success in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign. At Fredericksburg in December 1862, Jackson’s forces delivered a crushing defeat to the Union armies of Ambrose E. Burnside. In May 1863, Jackson and Lee devised a plan for confronting Union forces at Chancellorsville. The Confederates managed to rout Hooker’s army, but Jackson was fatally injured in the fighting. After his death, Jackson’s reputation as a daring and skilled leader was solidified, and he became one of the Confederacy’s most prominent Civil War heroes.

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