William Randolph Hearst (1863–1951) was an American newspaper publisher and mogul. Hearst was born into a wealthy mining family, and after briefly attending Harvard, he took over the San Francisco Examiner in 1887. Hearst re-made the paper into a sensationalist “new journalism” endeavor, and began building an empire of similar papers. At one point, Hearst controlled forty-two different papers and magazines. His New York Journal competed with Joseph Pulitzer’s New York World during the 1890s. The Journal covered the conflict between Cuba and Spain and helped rouse public support for the Spanish-American War. Hearst’s papers were deeply political, supporting reform movements and organized labor and opposing monopolies. Hearst himself served in the US House of Representatives from 1903 to 1907, and he ran unsuccessfully for mayor of New York City and governor of New York. Hearst later lost much of his wealth during the Great Depression, and his life story was the inspiration for the landmark 1941 film Citizen Kane.

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