Al Gore (1948– ) was the forty-fifth vice president of the United States, who served under President Bill Clinton from 1993 to 2001. Gore, a Democrat from Tennessee, entered politics in 1976 when he was elected to the US House of Representatives. In 1984, he successfully ran for Senate. In 1992, Bill Clinton selected Gore as his running mate, and the Democrats won the election. As vice president, Gore advised the Clinton administration on economic issues and helped push the North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) through Congress.

In 2000, Gore accepted the Democratic nomination for president. On election day Gore beat George W. Bush by about 500,000 popular votes, but Bush won the Electoral College with 271 votes to Gore’s 267. Gore contested the voting results in Florida, where Democrats contended that voting irregularities had occurred. The Florida supreme court declined to certify Bush’s win until the votes were re-counted. On December 4, however, the US Supreme Court overturned that decision and ruled that Florida had to certify the existing count. Gore was forced to concede the election. After losing the election, Gore left politics and became a major advocate of environmental causes. He released a popular documentary about global warming, An Inconvenient Truth, in 2006, received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007, and helped to establish the progressive media company Current TV.

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