The Taliban is an Islamic funamentalist political and religious organization that seized power in Afghanistan after the Soviet withdrawal in the mid-1990s. The Taliban established a strict government and social order and controlled almost all of Afghanistan by 2001. After the September 11th terrorist attacks, the Taliban became a target of the United States because it served as a refuge for Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda. The organization’s refusal to cooperate with the United States in bin Laden’s capture or extradition prompted the US invasion of Afghanistan. This led to the downfall of much of Taliban, though the weakened organization continues to operate.

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