Creating a New Government

The essays in this section have been written by leading scholars of American history. They provide additional depth on events and ideas referred to in the introductory essay and, in some cases, different interpretations by historians looking at the same events. These essays are particularly useful as informational texts to introduce your students to one of the most exciting aspects of studying history—understanding the past from a variety of perspectives.

Essays from Other Sub-Eras

The Hongs at Canton, Tingqua, ca. 1855 (Peabody Essex Museum, Gift of Miss Clara

America and the China Trade

Author: William R. Sargent Curriculum Subjects: Art, World History Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

Early America’s Jewish Settlers

Author: Eli Faber Curriculum Subjects: Religion and Philosophy Grade Levels:
Benjamin West's unfinished American Commissioners of the Preliminary Peace Negot

Inventing American Diplomacy

Author: R. B. Bernstein Curriculum Subjects: Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

Making a Film about Alexander Hamilton

Author: Muffie Meyer Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels:
The Declaration of Independence, by John Trumbull, from the Rotunda of the US Ca

Revolutionary Philadelphia

Author: Ray Raphael Curriculum Subjects: Geography, Government and Civics Grade Levels:

The Supreme Court Then and Now

Author: A. E. Dick Howard Curriculum Subjects: Government and Civics Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

Thomas Jefferson and Deism

Author: Peter S. Onuf Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels:
Alexander Hamilton, bronze sculpture by Kim Crowley, 2004

Understanding the Burr-Hamilton Duel

Author: Joanne B. Freeman Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels:
“Bostonian’s Paying the Excise-man” (London: Philip Dawe, 1774). (GLC04961.01)

Unruly Americans in the Revolution

Author: Woody Holton Curriculum Subjects: Economics, Government and Civics Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+
Detail from a World War I poster. (GLC09522)

Why Immigration Matters

Author: Thomas Kessner Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+