1734 — 1736

A wave for religious revival and enthusiasm popularly known as the “Great Awakening” began in New England, ignited by Jonathan Edwards, whose sermons in Northampton, Massachusetts, emphasized human depravity and divine omnipotence.

The term “the Great Awakening” wasn’t broadly used to describe the religious revivals that took place in the American colonies from the 1740s to the late 1760s until the 1842 publication of Rev. Joseph Tracy’s book of that title. Modern historians disagree about the term’s usefulness. Those who employ “the Great Awakening” stress the rekindling of religious fervor and its possible link to the American Revolution; others argue that it homogenizes diverse revivals among different groups in different colonies across three different decades.

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