History Now 15 (Spring 2008)

The Supreme Court

From the Editor

Like the other branches of the national government, the court system has evolved over the course our history. The structure of the court was not fully defined in the Constitution. The first effort to organize the court and clarify its duties and limitations came after the ratification of the Constitution in the Judiciary Act of 1789, and one of the Court’s most important powers, judicial review, was not established until John Marshall’s long tenure as Chief Justice. Over the centuries, the number of justices on the court has sometimes...More »