Gilder Lehrman Resources Related to Created Equal: America’s Civil Rights Struggle

Below is a list of Gilder Lehrman resources related to the four films in the public programming initiative Created Equal: America’s Civil Rights Struggle. Click on the link to view the resource.

Please visit, the Created Equal website of the National Endowment for the Humanities, for complete project information and resources.

The Abolitionists

Background Articles

Admiration and Ambivalence: Frederick Douglass and John Brown

Abolition and Antebellum Reform

Abolition and Religion

Allies for Emancipation? Black Abolitionists and Abraham Lincoln

John Brown: Villain or Hero?

Lincoln and Abolitionism

Natural Rights, Citizenship Rights, State Rights, and Black Rights: Another Look at Lincoln and Race

“Rachel Weeping for Her Children”: Black Women and the Abolition of Slavery

Lesson Plans

A Different Perspective on Slavery: Writing the History of African American Slave Women

A Look at Slavery through Posters and Broadsides

Who Was John Brown?

Primary Sources

American Anti-Slavery Society broadside, 1836

American Anti-Slavery Almanac, 1838

John Brown to Thomas B. Musgrave, 1850

The Whole Land Is Full of Blood, 1851

Lincoln Speech Notes, 1858

Address of John Brown to Virginia Court, 1859

Mahala Doyle to John Brown, 1859

The Emancipation Proclamation, 1863

Thirteenth Amendment Resolution, 1865

Slavery by Another Name

Background Articles

“Hidden Practices”: Frederick Douglass on Segregation and Black Achievement

Jim Crow and the Great Migration

Patriotism Crosses the Color Line: African Americans in World War II

The Reconstruction Amendments: Official Documents as Social History

Lesson Plans

The Supreme Court and the Fourteenth Amendment

Travels through Time: The Impact of Supreme Court Decisions on Struggle for African American Equality  

Primary Sources

Sharecropper Contract, 1867 

The Fifteenth Amendment, 1870

Address by Hon. Frederick Douglass, delivered in the Congregational Church, 1883

Frederick Douglass, letter on Jim Crow and Education, 1887

Negro Business League of Virginia protests election disqualifications, 1901

Letter from Franklin D. Roosevelt to Joseph Curran, 1942

Eleanor Roosevelt’s Four Basic Rights, 1944

The Loving Story

Background Article

Civil Rights Movement Major Events and Legacies

Lesson Plans

The Supreme Court and the Fourteenth Amendment

Travels through Time: The Impact of Supreme Court Decisions on the Struggle for African American Equality

Freedom Riders

Background Articles

Freedom Riders Online Exhibit

“People Get Ready”: Music and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s

Primary Sources

Robert Kennedy on civil rights, 1963

George Wallace on segregation, 1964