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JAMES MONROE was the fifth president of the United States, from 1817-1825. These remarks were made by Monroe during the presentation of a sword to Richard M. Johnson for service during the War of 1812. Monroe, himself a veteran of the Continental Army, describes a soldier's courage under fire and bravery in the face of the enemy.

The War of 1812 was fought between the United States and Great Britain from June 1812 to the spring of 1815, although the peace treaty ending the war was signed in Europe in December 1814. Get transcript

Cylindrical, varnished snuff box from the War of 1812 which says "United We Stand. Divided We Fall." (GLC 04750p2)

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