Study Aid: Great Society Legislation

President Lyndon Johnson announced his Great Society program during his State of the Union address in 1964. He outlined a series of domestic programs that he promised would eliminate poverty and inequality in the United States. By the end of Johnson’s term, Congress had implemented 226 of 252 his legislative requests.

Year Legislation What is provided
1964 24th Amendment Banned poll tax in federal elections
1964 Civil Rights Act of 1964 Banned discrimination in public accomodations and employment, guaranteed Equal Opportunity in the workplace.
1964 Urban Mass Transportation Act Provided financial aid for urban mass transit systems.
1964 Economic Opportunity Act Authorized Head Start, Job Corps., Work-Study program for university students. Volunteers in Service to America (MSTA), Neighborhood Youth Corps, basic education and adult job training, food stamps, and other Community Action Programs (CAPS).
1964 Wilderness Preservation Act Banned commercial use in over 9 million acres of national forest
1965 Medicare Provided medical aid for people over 65.
1965 Voting Rights Act of 1965 eliminated prevopis strategies used to keep minorities and women from voting, inclduing literacy tests. Required that ballots be provided be provided in other languages if requested.
1965 Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 Abolished the National Origins Formula that had been in place since 1924. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 meant that preference was no longer given to immigrants from Northern European countries. It allowed people from other areas including Asia and Africa equal immigration status into the US. It continued to restrict the number of immigrants allowed into the US annually.
1965 Higher Education Act Provided federal scholarships
1965 Department of Housing and Urban Development Act Formed to administer federal housing programs. Commonly referred to as "HUD."
1966 Demonstration Cities and Metropolitan Development Act of 1966 The "Model Cities" program attempted to rehabilitate urban areas that were facing increased violence and poverty by funding improvement projects.
1966 Medicaid Provided low cost medical insurance to poor Americans.
1966 Truth in Packaging Act Set standards for labeling consumer products.


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