2022 Gilder Lehrman Lincoln Prize Recipient Announced
February 15, 2022 — The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History and Gettysburg College announced today that Caroline E. Janney, author of Ends of War: The Unfinished Fight of Lee’s Army after Appomattox (The University of North Carolina Press), is the recipient of the 2022 Gilder Lehrman Lincoln Prize.
Caroline E. Janney is the John L. Nau III Professor of the American Civil War and Director of the John L. Nau Center for Civil War History at the University of Virginia. A graduate of the University of Virginia, she worked as a historian for the National Park Service and taught at Purdue University before returning to UVA in 2018. An active public lecturer, she has given presentations at locations across the globe. Janney is the past president of the Society of Civil War Historians and a series editor for the University of North Carolina Press’s Civil War America series. She has published seven books, including Remembering the Civil War: Reunion and the Limits of Reconciliation (2013) and Buying and Selling Civil War Memory in Gilded Age America (2021).
She will be recognized during an award ceremony to be held at the Harvard Club in New York City on April 14. The award includes a $50,000 prize and a bronze replica of Augustus Saint-Gaudens’s life-sized bust, Lincoln the Man.
Janney’s Ends of War is a dramatic new history of the weeks and months after the Battle of Appomattox. It reveals that Lee’s surrender was less an ending than the start of an interregnum marked by military and political uncertainty, legal and logistical confusion, and continued outbursts of violence. Janney takes readers from the deliberations of government and military authorities to the ground-level experiences of common soldiers. Ultimately, what unfolds is the messy birth narrative of the Lost Cause, laying the groundwork for the defiant resilience of rebellion in the years that followed.
James G. Basker, President of the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, said, “Deeply researched and beautifully written, Ends of War lets us see into the hearts and minds of Confederate soldiers in the crucial weeks and months of the Civil War’s fitful end. It is one of the best history books I have ever read and the story she tells still resonates in our country today.”
Basker is one of the four Gilder Lehrman Lincoln Prize Board members who selected this year’s winner. In addition to Lewis E. Lehrman, a co-founder of the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History and co-creator of the Gilder Lehrman Collection alongside the late Richard Gilder, other board members include Robert C. Daum, a Trustee of the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, and Gettysburg College Trustee Larry D. Walker.
“Dr. Janney’s fascinating research sheds new light on an often-overlooked subject, how does war end for the common soldier, which resonates still today even as it did at the end of the Civil War. This book places you beside the Confederate soldier as he wrestles with surrender, the nature of the war’s ending, and the ‘cause’ for which he sacrificed. A groundbreaking work,” said Larry D. Walker.
The laureate was one of seven finalists recommended to the board by a three-person jury: Jonathan W. White, award-winning author and Professor of American Studies at Christopher Newport University; Carol Reardon, George Winfree Professor Emerita of American History at Penn State and Adjunct Professor of Civil War Era Studies at Gettysburg College; and Amy Murrell Taylor, T. Marshall Hahn, Jr. Professor and 2020-21 Distinguished Professor in the Department of History at the University of Kentucky College of Arts and Sciences.
The jury wrote in their report to the board, “[Janney’s] narrative seamlessly blends military, social, and political history, taking readers across the war-torn landscape as individuals and groups of soldiers decide what their next steps will be. By slowing down the pace of the story, Janney brings readers back to those contingent moments when the war’s outcome still seemed unclear. The story Janney tells is so compelling that readers may, at times, forget that they already know the outcome. In short, Janney succeeds in saying something new and important about the Civil War, using a diversity of voices, including soldiers and civilians, political and military leaders, and freedpeople.”
The six other finalists that the jury selected from 91 nominations include: Andrew F. Lang, A Contest of Civilizations: Exposing the Crisis of American Exceptionalism in the Civil War Era (University of North Carolina Press); Kate Masur, Until Justice Be Done: America’s First Civil Rights Movement, from the Revolution to Reconstruction (W. W. Norton); James Oakes, The Crooked Path to Abolition: Abraham Lincoln and the Antislavery Constitution (W. W. Norton); Alaina Roberts, I’ve Been Here All the While: Black Freedom on Native Land (University of Pennsylvania Press); John M. Sacher, Confederate Conscription and the Struggle for Southern Soldiers (Louisiana State University Press); and Kevin Waite, West of Slavery: The Southern Dream of a Transcontinental Empire (University of North Carolina Press).
About the Gilder Lehrman Lincoln Prize
The Gilder Lehrman Lincoln Prize is awarded annually for the finest scholarly work in English on Abraham Lincoln, the American Civil War soldier, or the American Civil War era, one that also enhances the general public’s understanding of the Civil War era. The $50,000 prize was established in 1990 by businessmen and philanthropists Lewis E. Lehrman and the late Richard Gilder, in partnership with Gettysburg College and Professor Gabor Boritt, Director Emeritus of the Civil War Institute at Gettysburg College.
About the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
Founded in 1994 by Lewis E. Lehrman and the late Richard Gilder, visionaries and lifelong supporters of American history education, the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History is the leading nonprofit organization dedicated to K–12 history education while also serving the general public. The Institute’s mission is to promote the knowledge and understanding of American history through educational programs and resources. As a 501(c)(3) nonprofit public charity, the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History is supported through the generosity of individuals, corporations, and foundations. The Institute’s programs have been recognized by awards from the White House, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Organization of American Historians, the Council of Independent Colleges, and the Daughters of the American Revolution.
About Gettysburg College
Founded in 1832, Gettysburg College is a highly selective four-year residential college of liberal arts and sciences with a strong academic tradition. Alumni include Rhodes Scholars, a Nobel laureate, and other distinguished scholars. The college enrolls 2,600 undergraduate students and is located on a 200-acre campus adjacent to the Gettysburg National Military Park in Pennsylvania.
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