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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Madison, James (1751-1836) [Pardon of marines Thomas Potts and George Allen for desertion].

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC00049 Author/Creator: Madison, James (1751-1836) Place Written: Washington, D.C. Type: Document signed Date: 12 February 1813 Pagination: 1 p. 40 x 26 cm

Countersigned by Secretary of State James Monroe. Potts had been convicted of desertion in June 1812. Allen had been convicted of desertion in August 1812. Both had been sentenced to be shot. Pardoned by Madison for "divers good causes and considerations."

Signer of the U.S. Constitution.

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