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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

"Instructions for Arnought the Interpreter (to be by him followed to the . . .

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC03107.01932 Author/Creator: Place Written: [s.l.] Type: Manuscript document signed Date: [1685] Pagination: 1p. + docket 32.5 x 21.2 cm

Summary of Content: . . . Senecas, Maqques, Onnondages, Oneydes & Cayouges." Effingham instructs the interpreter to inform the Indians that he is aware of the destruction they recently caused in Virginia, where they killed a number of cattle and a few Englishmen. He goes on to say that he is willing to forgive the matter, provided the Indians call their men back from Virginia and Maryland and promise to never travel through there again.

People: Howard, Francis, 1643-1695

Historical Era: Colonization and Settlement, 1585-1763

Subjects: American Indian HistoryMohawk IndianWartime Pillaging and DestructionDeathTravelMilitary HistoryGlobal History and US Foreign PolicyGlobal History and US Foreign PolicyDiplomacyTreatyPeace

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