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Howard of Effingham, Francis Howard, Baron (1643-1695) Proposition to the Mohawks, Senecas, Onondagas, and Oneidas

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC03107.01933 Author/Creator: Howard of Effingham, Francis Howard, Baron (1643-1695) Place Written: Albany, New York Type: Manuscript document Date: 1684/07/30 Pagination: 7p. + docket 32.7 x 21.1 cm

Summary of Content: Effingham condemns the Indians for repeatedly breaking their covenant with Coll. Coursey and invading Virginia and Maryland, where they have robbed and plundered English settlements. He explains, however, that he has worked with Thomas Dongan, the Governor of New York, and has decided to make a new and stronger peace with the Indians. In this peace, Effingham demands that the Indians call all of their men out of Virginia, and promise to never attack the English, or their Indian allies, ever again.

People: Dongan, Thomas, 1634-1715
Howard, Francis, 1643-1695

Historical Era: Colonization and Settlement, 1585-1763

Subjects: American Indian HistoryMohawk IndianWartime Pillaging and DestructionMilitary HistoryGlobal History and US Foreign PolicyGlobal History and US Foreign PolicyDiplomacyTreatyPeace

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