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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Smith, Gerrit (1797-1874) Letter from Gerrit Smith to Rev. Dr. John Marsh; Letter from Gerrit Smith to Joshua R. Giddings.

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC04717.41 Author/Creator: Smith, Gerrit (1797-1874) Place Written: Peterboro, New York Type: Printed letter Date: 12 November 1858 Pagination: 2 p. ; 31.7 x 19.9 cm.

Summary of Content: Smith responds to an editorial published by Marsh, editor of Journal and Prohibitionist, New York. Marsh accused Smith of being "unsound on Temperance." Also replies to a published letter from Giddings, in which Giddings sought to defend the Republican party. Calls Republicanism a "one-idea-Party" unwilling to eradicate slavery.

Background Information: Smith, a politician from New York, served as a U.S. Representative from 1853-1854. He was a noted philanthropist and social reformer active in anti-slavery campaigns and women's rights.

People: Smith, Gerrit, 1797-1874
Marsh, John, fl. 1858-1866
Giddings, Joshua Reed, 1795-1864

Historical Era: National Expansion and Reform, 1815-1860

Subjects: Reform MovementAbolitionAfrican American HistorySlaveryRepublican PartyAlcoholTemperance and Prohibition

Sub Era: Age of Jackson

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