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Fillmore, Millard (1800-1874) [Speech delivered to the Great Central Fair of Buffalo]

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC04884.02 Author/Creator: Fillmore, Millard (1800-1874) Place Written: Buffalo, New York Type: Autograph manuscript Date: 22 February 1864 Pagination: 16 p. ; 19.7 x 12.5 cm.

Summary of Content: Former President Fillmore notes historic inventions and developments, such as the rail road, steam engine, and telegraph, that have shaped Buffalo since the city's 1832 Centennial Celebration. Refers to the farewell addresses of Presidents George Washington and Andrew Jackson to offer guidance during the tumultuous war era. Declares "much must be forgiven- if not forgotten- on both sides before this Union can ever be restored" (page seven). Expresses his wish to immediately conquer the Confederate army, then to unite North and South by restoring Southerners with their Constitutional rights. States "Remember that every soldier has a mother, a sister, a wife or a sweet heart, and it is to him an inspiring thought that she is watching his progress and ministering to his wants ... " (page twelve). Praises the work of women in all states (referring to their participation in the Sanitary Commission), stating "I am proud of my country women for what they have done and are doing to mitigate the evils of war" (page fourteen). Praises Florence Nightingale, and likens the efforts of American women to Nightingale's selfless service and accomplishments.

People: Fillmore, Millard, 1800-1874
Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845
Washington, George, 1732-1799

Historical Era: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

Subjects: PresidentVice PresidentCivil WarMilitary HistoryExpositions and FairsUS Sanitary CommissionCharity and PhilanthropyUnion ForcesWomen's HistoryScience and TechnologyInventionTransportationRailroadSteamTelegraphPresidential Speeches and ProclamationsUS ConstitutionConfederate States of America

Sub Era: The American Civil War

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