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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Johnson, Andrew (1808-1875) [Presidential pardon of Philip D. Roddey for his participation in the rebellion]

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC05921 Author/Creator: Johnson, Andrew (1808-1875) Place Written: Washington, D.C. Type: Document signed Date: 17 February 1866 Pagination: 2 p. ; 45.6 x 31.4 cm.

This document is a Presidential pardon in which President Andrew Johnson granted Philip D. Roddey a full pardon and amnesty from crimes committed during the rebellion. Roddey was nicknamed "the Swamp Fox of Tennessee." The pardon was countersigned by the Secretary of State William H. Seward and accompanied by a paper seal.

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