Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Spragins, Mel (fl. 1802-1819) [Warrant to the Halifax County jailer to receive the slaves Sancho, Frank, Jim, and Phebey into custody]

High-resolution images are available to schools and libraries via subscription to American History, 1493-1943. Check to see if your school or library already has a subscription. Or click here for more information. You may also order a pdf of the image from us here.

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC06338.10 Author/Creator: Spragins, Mel (fl. 1802-1819) Place Written: Halifax County, Virginia Type: Document signed Date: 17 April 1802 Pagination: 1 p. : docket ; 31.7 x 19.4 cm.

Summary of Content: Spragins orders the Halifax County jail keeper to receive into custody "the body of Sancho a man slave now in the possession of Richard Booker of the s[ai]d County and said to be the property of John Booker of Amelia County Frank a negro man slave the property of Archer Robertson, Jim a man slave the property of James Booker and Phebey a negroe woman slave the property of David Price....and them safely keep till they shall be thence discharged by due course of Law." Docket indicates this is a mittimus (a type of warrant). Spragins was a justice of the peace. Also signed by [James?] Dejurnatt.

Background Information: Related to the Easter Plot, also known as Sancho's Rebellion. Sancho, an earlier participant in Gabriel's Rebellion of 1800, instigated the Easter Plot, intended to take place on or around Good ...Friday 1802. The ferment spread through southern Virginia (including Halifax County), and northeastern North Carolina, resulting in the hanging of Sancho and four other participants.See More

People: Spragins, Mel, fl. 1802-1819
Dejurnatt, fl. 1802
Sancho, d. 1802

Historical Era: The New Nation, 1783-1815

Subjects: SlaveryPrisonerSlave RebellionJudiciaryLawRebellionAfrican American HistoryWomen's History

Sub Era: The Age of Jefferson & Madison

Order a Copy Citation Guidelines for Online Resources