Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Unknown to Congressman Carlos J. Moorhead

NOT AVAILABLE DIGITALLY Online access and copy requests are not available for this item. If you would like us to notify you when it becomes available digitally, please email us at reference@gilderlehrman.org and include the catalog item number.

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC09613.02.0204.03 Author/Creator: Unknown Place Written: s.l. Type: Facsimile Date: 1973-1974 Pagination: 1 p. ; 35.5 x 21.7 cm.

Summary of Content: One facsimile of a newspaper article forwarded by A. B Wilson to Congressman Carlos J. Moorhead dated 1973-1974. The article is written about Archibals Cox's ties to the Democratic party. The article reads in part, "Archibald Cox, whom President Nixon fired as special prosecutor in the Watergate investigations, in no way can be considered politically neutral."

Background Information: The Saturday Night Massacre took place the evening of Saturday, October 20, 1973. President Richard Nixon ordered Attorney General Elliot Richardson to fire special prosecutor Archibald Cox; Richardson refused and resigned. Nixon ...then ordered Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus to fire Cox; Ruckelshaus also refused and resigned. Nixon then ordered Solicitor General Robert Bork, the third senior member of the Justice Department, to fire Cox. Bork considered resigning, but did as Nixon asked. The reactions to Nixon's actions were highly damaging to the president. A new special counsel was appointed on November 1, 1973, and on November 14, 1973, a court ruled that the dismissal had been illegal.

Carlos J. Moorhead was born on May 5, 1922 in Long Beach, California. He was elected Representative for the 43rd Assembly District of California from 1966 until 1972. During his tenure, Moorhead was Vice Chair of the Natural Resources, Planning and Public Works Committee, and a member of the California Law Revision Commission. Moorhead left the Assembly after being elected in 1972 to the U.S. House of Representatives as a Republican. He was elected to represent California's 20th district beginning his term in the House in 1973, Moorhead served on the Judiciary Committee during the impeachment hearings of President Nixon. Moorhead voted no on all three Articles of Impeachment adopted by the House Judiciary Committee on July 27, 1974.
See More

People: Moorhead, Carlos J., 1922-2011
Nixon, Richard Milhous, 1913-1994
Wilson, A. B., fl. 1973
Cox, Archibald, 1912-2004

Historical Era: 1945 to the Present

Subjects: WatergateImpeachmentPresident

Sub Era: The Seventies

Order a Copy Citation Guidelines for Online Resources