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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 65,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Arkansas. General Assembly. House of Representatives ["AN ACT: To Protect all Persons in Their Civil Rights, in the State of Arkansas and to Furnish Means for Their Vindication" with endorsements by Charles Sumner and John H. Johnson]

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC07202.01 Author/Creator: Arkansas. General Assembly. House of Representatives Place Written: Little Rock, Arkansas Type: Printed document Date: circa February 1873 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Back page contains an undated autograph note signed by John H. Johnson, an Arkansas state congressmen. Johnson's note states "Sir, happy am I to inform you that this bill pass [sic] both house [sic] by a handsome majority and I now submit the same to you for your opinion of the bill." Followed by an undated autograph endorsement from Sumner stating "I shall never be satisfied until there is one National Act placing all under one & the same equal safeguard. Why will not [Mass] press for it?" Content of the act establishes equal transportation costs for all persons regardless of race, prevents refusal to sell liquor based on race, and prevents withholding educational opportunities on the basis of race, among other items.

People: Johnson, John H., fl. 1873.
Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874.
Arkansas. General Assembly. House of Representatives.

Historical Era: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

Keywords/Subjects: Segregation, Education Reform, Government and Civics, Reconstruction, African American History, Transportation, Alcohol, Education

Sub Era: Reconstruction