Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 65,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Davis, Jefferson (1808-1889) An Address to the People of the Free States by the President of the Southern Confederacy.

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC05018 Author/Creator: Davis, Jefferson (1808-1889) Place Written: Richmond, Virginia Type: Broadsides Date: 5 January 1863 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Contemporary fake on emancipation. Imprint, "Richmond Enquirer Print." A fictitious response of Jefferson Davis to the Emancipation Proclamation, threatening retaliation by enslaving all blacks. It says in part "All negroes who shall be taken in any of the states in which slavery does not now exist, in the progress of our arms, shall be adjudged, immediately after such capture, to occupy the slave status, and in all states which shall be vanquished by our arms, all free negroes shall, ipso facto, be reduced to the condition of helotism...."

People: Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889.
McElroy, Robert, 1809-1891.

Historical Era: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

Keywords/Subjects: Civil War, Military History, Emancipation, Emancipation Proclamation, Slavery, African American History, Freemen, Prisoner Confederate States of America, Confederate General or Leader

Sub Era: The American Civil War