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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 65,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Buchanan, James (1791-1868) Pardon of George Kirk, Edward Burr, & George Carroll, convicted of defrauding the revenue.

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC00043.19 Author/Creator: Buchanan, James (1791-1868) Place Written: Washington, D.C. Type: Document signed Date: 03 May 1858 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Convicted of defrauding the revenue; each sentenced to pay a $400 fine and court costs and to be confined until paid. All pardoned due to their inability to pay fine. Signed by James Buchanan. Countersigned by Lewis Cass. Accompanied by a paper seal.

People: Cass, Lewis
Kirk, George
Burr, Edward
Carroll, George
Buchanan, James, 1791-1868.

Historical Era: National Expansion and Reform, 1815-1860

Keywords/Subjects: President, Pardon, Law, Taxes or Taxation, Criminals and Outlaws

Sub Era: Age of Jackson