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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 65,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Wilson, Woodrow (1856-1924) [Presidential commutation for Robert E. Hicks, convicted of placing abortion related materials in the mail on 29 May 1903 and sentenced to ten months]

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC00230.06 Author/Creator: Wilson, Woodrow (1856-1924) Place Written: Washington, D.C. Type: Document signed Date: 14 July 1915 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Convicted for violation of Section 3893 of the Revised Statutes (possibly in reference to the Comstock Law). While on bond Hicks fled to Europe, where he remained a fugitive until 10 July 1915, when he surrendered to the court. Commuted by Wilson so Hicks sentence would expire at once, no reason given. See also GLC 230.02 which restored his civil rights. Printed document with blanks filled in by hand.

People: Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924.
Todd, George Carroll, b. 1879.
United States. President (1913-1921 : Wilson).

Historical Era: Progressive Era to New Era, 1900-1929

Keywords/Subjects: President Pardon, Law, Criminals and Outlaws, Women's History, Health and Medical, Abortion

Sub Era: