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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 65,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Wilson, Woodrow (1856-1924) [Presidential commutation of the sentence of Otto Bruno Reichelt, convicted of violating the Espionage Act on 4 October 1918]

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC04549 Author/Creator: Wilson, Woodrow (1856-1924) Place Written: Washington, D.C. Type: Document signed Date: 22 April 1919 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Reichelt was convicted in the U.S. District Court of New Jersey, for violation of the Espionage Act of June 15, 1917, and sentenced to eight years in the State Penitentiary at Baltimore, Maryland. Wilson commuted his sentence to end at once, no reason given for clemency. Countersigned by Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer. Printed document with blanks filled in with type.

People: Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924.
Palmer, Alexander Mitchell, 1872-1936.
United States. President (1913-1921 : Wilson).

Historical Era: Progressive Era to New Era, 1900-1929

Keywords/Subjects: President Government and Civics, Law, Pardon, Prisoner Spying, World War I, Global History and Civics, Foreign Affairs

Sub Era: World War One