Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Lincoln, Abraham (1809-1865) Speech of Hon. Abraham Lincoln, delivered in Springfield, Saturday evening, July 17, 1858.

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC02955 Author/Creator: Lincoln, Abraham (1809-1865) Place Written: Springfield, Illinois Type: Pamphlets Date: 17 July 1858 Pagination: 8 p. 24.2 x 16.7 cm.

Summary of Content: Discusses the disadvantages faced by the Republican Party in the upcoming election. Traces the development of his attitudes toward slavery and equality, expressing his conviction that the southern slave power was engaged in a conspiracy to nationalize slavery and strip whites as well as blacks of their civil rights. States that the Kansas-Nebraska bill was the beginning of this. Urges that slavery be placed on the course of "ultimate extinction." Attacks Stephen Douglas and defends himself by stating that he supports the principles of equality put forth in the Declaration of Independence. This speech preceded his debates with Douglas.

People: Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.

Historical Era: National Expansion and Reform, 1815-1860

Keywords/Subjects: Slavery, Reconstruction, Presidents, African American History, Politics, Election, Republican Party, Civil Rights, Bleeding Kansas, Abolition, Freedom and Independence, Declaration of Independence

Sub Era: Age of Jackson Slavery & Anti-slavery The Crisis of the 1850's Lincoln