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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 65,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

McCaleb, Edwin H. (fl. 1844-1865) To T.P. Chandler, Esq.

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC01594 Author/Creator: McCaleb, Edwin H. (fl. 1844-1865) Place Written: Cold Springs, Mississippi Type: Autograph letter signed Date: 6 June 1865 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: McCaleb thanks Chandler and his family for their kindness while a prisoner of war in the North. He writes that "All good citizens deeply deplore the assassination of Pres. Lincoln... Mr. L -- was a great man and more than that was a good man and countryy [sic] could ill afford to lose his services at this important crisis...." Expresses his concern with Andrew Johnson's use of military courts to try citizens and feels he is "overstepping his oath of office". Protests that turning an "ignorant Negro" into a self reliant citizen will stump the growth of the South. Finally, he defines miscegenation and says "[i]f such a detestable dogma becomes a law we shall soon have a race of mulattoes as fickle & foolish as the Mongrel population of Mexico...."

People: McCaleb, Edwin H., fl. 1844-1865.
Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875.
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.

Historical Era: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

Keywords/Subjects: African American History, Abolition, Assassination Lincoln Assassination, Civil War, Military History, Military Law, President Government and Civics, Confederate States of America, Charity and Philanthropy, Prisoner of War, Oath, Suffrage, Latin and South America, Law, Children and Family

Sub Era: The American Civil War African Americans and Emancipation Reconstruction