Suggested Resources on Title IX from the Archivist

by Mary-Jo Kline

Books and Printed Materials

Carpenter, Linda Jean, and R. Vivian Acosta.Title IX. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2005. [A book designed to help sports professionals understand the law and its implications.]

Hogshead-Makar, Nancy, and Andrew S. Zimbalist. Equal Play: Title IX and Social Change. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2007. [Collection of essays by several experts dealing with every imaginable aspect of Title IX and its historical implications.]

Suggs, Welch. A Place on the Team: The Triumph and Tragedy of Title IX. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005. [Scholarly treatment of the subject.]

Ware, Susan, ed. Title IX: A Brief History with Documents. New York: Bedford, 2006.

A look at the lives of American women and men in the 1960s and 1970s: 
Berkowitz, Edward D. Something Happened: A Political and Cultural Overview of the Seventies. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007. [Survey of the decade.]

Bloch, Avital H., and Lauri Umansky, eds. Impossible to Hold: Women and Culture in the 1960’s. New York: New York University Press, 2005.

Frum, David. How We Got Here: The 70’s, the Decade That Brought You Modern Life, for Better or Worse. New York: BasicBooks, 2000.

Kaufman, Will. American Culture in the 1970s. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2009.

Schulman, Bruce J. The Seventies: The Great Shift in American Culture, Society, and Politics. New York: Free Press, 2001. [A social history.]

On women in professional and collegiate sports:
Fields, Sarah K. Female Gladiators: Gender, Law, and Contact Sport in America. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2005.

Grundy, Pamela, and Susan Shackelford. Shattering the Glass: The Remarkable History of Women’s Basketball. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.

Broader background in the history of women in sports:
Markel, Robert, Susan Waggoner, and Marcella Smith. The Women’s Sports Encyclopedia. New York: H. Holt, 1997.

Sicherman, Barbara, and Carol Hurd Green, eds. Notable American Women: The Modern Period: A Biographical Dictionary. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1980. [This reference source has an index that will identify the sketches of prominent American women athletes of the early to mid-twentieth century.]

Sparhawk, Ruth M. American Women in Sport, 1887–1987: A 100-Year Chronology. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1989.

A memoir of one woman’s experiences as director of women’s sports programs at a small Oregon college:
Pemberton, Cynthia Lee A. More Than a Game: One Woman’s Fight for Gender Equity in Sport. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 2002.

Internet Resources

Organizations with information on Title IX and its legal implications:
Women’s Sports Foundation:

The National Women’s Law Center:

Title IX Advocacy:

The National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education website includes downloadable versions of reports issued by the Coalition since 1997 as well as other useful materials:

New York Times article. “As Girls Become Women, Sports Pays Dividends” (February 15, 2010), on the benefits of Title IX:

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