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Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845) to Wilson Lumpkin

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC05695 Author/Creator: Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845) Place Written: Hermitage, Tennessee Type: Autograph letter signed Date: 15 February 1828 Pagination: 2 p. : address ; 25 x 19.7 cm

Summary of Content: Responds to a part of a speech given by Lumpkin, a Georgia congressman, dealing with Indian tribes east of the Mississippi. Contends that Indians "can only be perpetuated as tribes, or nations, by concentrating them west of the Mississippi upon lands secured to them, forever, by the United States, where its...liberal protecting care, can be extended to them." He is happy Lumpkin is on a congressional committee considering the topic. Includes small undated collateral print.

Background Information:

Full Transcript: (private)
Hermitage Febry 15th 1828
Dr. Sir
My absence on a visit to Neworleans where I had been invited by the Legislature of th[struck: at][inserted: e] State of Louisia, ...to be present at the celebra of the 8th of January last, prevented me from receiving your kind letter of the 1st, ult, untill a few days past - for this mark of your attention I make you a tender of my thanks.
I have read with much pleasure the address to your constituents, which you did me the honor to inclose, and particularly, that part of it, which relates to the Indian tribes. The present situation of those east of the Mississippi require the immediate attention of Congress; I am sure, they cannot be long fostered and preserved where they now are - They can only be perpetuated as tribes, or nations, by concentrating them west of the Mississippi upon lands secured to them, forever, by the United States, where its [homonity], & liberal protecting case, can be extended to them; and where they can be shielded from the encroachments of the whites, without violation to state rights, or the rights of citizens, - where [inserted: only] they can prosper, & be perpetuated - as a nation - I am happy that this subject has been taken up by Congress, & I am pleased to find you are on this committee.
The friendly sentiments conveyed in [2] your letter, I shall ever cherish with grateful recollections.
Wishing you health & happiness, and a pleasant session, believe me
very respectfully
your mo, obdt, Servt,
Andrew Jackson

The Honble
Wilson Lumpkin
[address leaf]
The Honble
Wilson Lumpkin
Member of Congress
City of Washington
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People: Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845
Lumpkin, Wilson, 1783-1870

Historical Era: National Expansion and Reform, 1815-1860

Subjects: PresidentCongressAmerican Indian HistoryImmigration and MigrationWestward Expansion

Sub Era: The First Age of Reform

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