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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 75,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Davis, Jefferson (1808-1889) [Message of the Confederate President to the Confederate Congress]

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC08503 Author/Creator: Davis, Jefferson (1808-1889) Place Written: Richmond, Virginia Type: Pamphlet Date: 25 February 1862 Pagination: 4 p. ; 21.5 x 13.2 cm.

Summary of Content: State of the Union-like address to the Confederate Congress made in accordance with a constitutional provision. Admits that since the start of the Civil War they had "been so exposed as recently to encounter serious disasters." Discusses their limited manufacturing capability, arms procurement in Europe, the humiliating "surrender at Roanoke Island," and exaggerated "losses at Fort Donelson." Also discusses problems with the short enlistment periods occasioned by the popular belief that the war would not be long. Praises the financial system. Mentions reports being prepared by several departments and refers the congress to a statement in November 1861 for "further information touching the condition of public affairs."

People: Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889

Historical Era: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

Subjects: Civil WarMilitary HistoryConfederate General or LeaderConfederate States of AmericaSurrenderBattleGlobal History and CivicsForeign AffairsIndustryEconomicsBattle of Roanoke Island

Sub Era: The American Civil War

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