Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 65,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Unknown [Reconstruction leaflet denouncing the Freedman's Bureau and supporting Andrew Johnson]

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC00329 Author/Creator: Unknown Place Written: Pennsylvania Type: Broadsheet Date: 1866 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: One side titled, "ECONOMISE AND PAY YOUR DEBT!: Restore the South and increase your resources." The other side titled, "ONLY SEVEN MILLIONS!" One side denounces the funding Congress passed in the Freedman's Bureau Bill as support for "lazy negros." The other argues the money is needed for the national debt and praises President Johnson's veto of the bill. Echoes Johnson's belief that buying land, building schools, and offering relief to freedmen was unprecedented, would make paupers and vagrants out of freemen already prone to indolence, and was unaffordable. This break between the president and congress cemented Johnson's alliance with Northern Democrats and southern whites in opposition to Radical Republicans.


Historical Era: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

Keywords/Subjects: African American History, Slavery, Freemen, Reconstruction, President Finance, Economics, Congress, Politics, Education Land Transaction, Democratic Party

Sub Era: Reconstruction