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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 65,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

De Kalb, Johann (1721-1780) to Richard Caswell

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC01766 Author/Creator: De Kalb, Johann (1721-1780) Place Written: Deep River, North Carolina Type: Autograph letter signed Date: 9 July 1780 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Signed "Baron de Kalb." Writes to Major General Caswell about the Camden campaign. Discusses trouble procuring provisions. Judges that it would not be prudent to travel "not even to Cole's bridge with our whole Body of Troops, for we durst not expose parties of Collecting Provisions, when the Enemies are So near, So Superior in Cavalry & for what I know in Infry; if you would chuse not to go as far as Cole's Bridge but halt Where you now are...We might with propriety reassure our plan for Coxe's." Notes that he will send back some artillery to lighten their traveling load. Also suggests another strategy if Caswell does not agree to the one he outlined. De Kalb died the next month at the Battle of Camden. Written at Camp Deep River. Addressed to "The Honorable Major General Caldwell."

People: De Kalb, Johann, 1721-1780.
Caswell, Richard, 1729-1789.

Historical Era: American Revolution, 1763-1783

Keywords/Subjects: Battle of Camden, Immigration and Migration, Revolutionary War, Military History, Battle, Military Provisions, Cavalry, Infantry, Artillery, Continental Army, Diet and nutrition

Sub Era: The War for Independence