Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 65,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Adams, John Quincy (1767-1848) to William Wirt

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC08279.01 Author/Creator: Adams, John Quincy (1767-1848) Place Written: s.l. Type: Autograph letter signed Date: 05 July 1828 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Asking for comments on Georgia's claims pursuant to an 1802 federal agreement that extinguished Indian titles within the state's boundaries. The letter anticipates the events leading up to the 1829 Georgia-Cherokee Crisis; the Supreme Court case Worcester v. Georgia, which found in favor of the Indians, thus limiting states' rights; and eventual removal of the Cherokees via the famous "Trail of Tears."

People: Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848.
Wirt, William, 1772-1834.

Historical Era: National Expansion and Reform, 1815-1860

Keywords/Subjects: President, American Indian History, Immigration and Migration, Refugees, Westward Expansion, Land Transaction, Boundary or Property Dispute

Sub Era: The First Age of Reform