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Adams, John (1735-1826) to James McHenry

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC05261 Author/Creator: Adams, John (1735-1826) Place Written: Quincy, Massachusetts Type: Autograph letter signed Date: 13 April 1799 Pagination: 2 p. : address : docket ; 24.7 x 20 cm.

Summary of Content: Discusses Fries' Rebellion in Pennsylvania (a taxpayer revolt against the first federal property tax), a recommendation for a commission, and reorganization of the army.

Background Information: In 1798 President Adams had signed a bill for levying the first direct federal tax on private property. John Fries of Pennsylvania used the popular discontent over the tax to encourage ...armed resistance to federal tax assessors and collectors. On 21 May 1800 Adams pardoned Fries, and two others, who had been sentenced to death for their part in the rebellion. See More

Full Transcript: Quincy April 13. 1799
Sir

Last night I recd your favour of the 5th. The Proceedings detailed in it, appear to have been well considered and prudently pursued: But the Sordid Spirit, ...which produced this as well as the former Insurrection in Pennsylvania, and which have given so much trouble to the Government, Anxiety to the Nation and burden on the Treasury, ought to excite more general indignation than they have done. I return all the Papers and pray you to keep me informed of the Progress of the Business.

Inclosed is a Letter from Major Badlam and Mr. H. G. Otis recommending Mr Benjamin Bass Leeds to be a Lieutenant, for which I believe he is well qualified.

I wish that a Plan may be considered for numbering the Regiments and arranging the Rank of the Lt. Colonells Commandants and Sent to me, for any Consideration. I think the best Way will be to determine the Rank of the Lt. Colonells and Number the Regiments at first According to the Number which designates the Rank of their commanding officer. [2] This will be a good Precedent to get rid of the Practice which has too long prevailed, of beginning at one Extremity of the Union and proceeding to the other.
I am, Sir your most obedient
John Adams
James McHenry Esqr
Secretary of War
[address]
James McHenry Esqr.
Secretary of War
[docket]
13 Aprl. 1799.
John Adams Presed.
members of the Reg
rank -
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People: Adams, John, 1735-1826
McHenry, James, 1753-1816

Historical Era: The New Nation, 1783-1815

Subjects: RebellionMobs and RiotsTaxes or TaxationPresidentMilitary HistoryGovernment and CivicsVice President

Sub Era: The Early Republic

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