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Couthouy, Joseph Pitty (1808-1864) to David Dixon Porter

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC07308 Author/Creator: Couthouy, Joseph Pitty (1808-1864) Place Written: s.l. Type: Letter signed Date: 6 January 1864 Pagination: 2 p. : docket ; 33.2 x 20 cm.

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC07308 Author/Creator: Couthouy, Joseph Pitty (1808-1864) Place Written: s.l. Type: Letter signed Date: 6 January 1864 Pagination: 2 p. : docket ; 33.2 x 20 cm.

Summary of Content: Couthouy, Acting Volunteer Lieutenant commanding the U.S.S. Chillicothe, expresses his mortification at seeing the U.S.S. Osage, a ship formerly under his command, listed as having failed to comply with General Order No. 31, which required monthly reports of contrabands. Informs Navy Rear Admiral Porter that no list of contrabands was sent after August 1863 because Couthouy had been "instructed that freed blacks, regularly enlisting in the Naval Service of the United States, ceased thereupon, to be regarded as 'Contrabands.'" States that Lieutenant Commander Frank M. Ramsay, Commanding the District of the Mississippi River, upheld the decision, confirming that enlisted African Americans were not contraband. Requests Porter's instructions regarding the status of free enlisted African Americans. Writes from aboard the U.S.S. Chillicothe. A note along the side states that the letter was forwarded to Ramsay. Includes an autograph note on back in Porter's hand: "No lists required when the Negroes are shipped." Likely written while on the Red River in Louisiana.

Background Information: Couthouy was recognized for his studies of conchology and invertebrate palaeontology.

People: Couthouy, Joseph Pitty, 1808-1864
Porter, David Dixon, 1813-1891
Ramsay, Frank M., fl. 1864-1865

Historical Era: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

Subjects: Civil WarMilitary HistoryUnion GeneralUnion ForcesNavyContrabandsSlaveryAfrican American HistoryAfrican American TroopsFreemenMuster Rolls and Returns

Sub Era: The American Civil War

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