Our Collection

At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 65,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

A.F. Crutchfield & Co. (fl. 1861) Daily express. [Vol. 11, no. 189, whole no. 3730 (August 9, 1861)]

Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC05959.74.08 Author/Creator: A.F. Crutchfield & Co. (fl. 1861) Place Written: Petersburg, Virginia Type: Newspapers Date: 9 August 1861 Pagination: 1

Summary of Content: Accounts of the Yankee Army in Washington - Their Outrages - The Manassas Panic, Unprecedented Barbarism - Burning of Hampton by the Vandals, The Battle of Manassas Plains - General Scott Insane on Flank Movements.


Historical Era: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

Keywords/Subjects: First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas), Civil War, Military History, Confederate States of America, Washington, D.C., Wartime Pillaging and Destruction, Union Forces, Battle of Bull Run, Battle, Union General, Mental Health

Sub Era: The American Civil War