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At the Institute’s core is the Gilder Lehrman Collection, one of the great archives in American history. More than 70,000 items cover five hundred years of American history, from Columbus’s 1493 letter describing the New World to soldiers’ letters from World War II and Vietnam. Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your class on a field trip.

Madison, Dolley (1768-1849) to James Madison

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC01812 Author/Creator: Madison, Dolley (1768-1849) Place Written: Washington, D. C. Type: Autograph letter signed Date: 10 December 1827 Pagination: 2 p. : address : docket : free frank ; 25 x 20 cm

Dates letter Thursday. Discusses President John Quincy Adams' State of the Union Address before Congress on 4 December 1827 and comments that it did not move her either negatively or positively. Observes that some may be critical of it because he persists in his conviction that it will be advantageous to be represented at the Congress in Panama. Continues the letter on Friday and states that she just received Madison's letter. Discusses the welfare and happenings of friends. Reports that Henry Conway died after a drinking spell. Continues on Saturday and writes a little about her day. On Sunday she reports, "All's well. I have not time to copy or revise my letter so do not look at the spelling but throw it into the fire." Free franked by Dolley Madison and addressed to her husband at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, where he was rector. Docketed in his hand. Date from docket.

The Latin American republics, formerly Spanish colonies, convened a congress in Panama to promote relations in the western hemisphere. John Q. Adams wanted to send delegates but southern congressmen objected because the Latin American countries had outlawed slavery. They also did not want white Americans to mix, on the same level, with foreigners of other races.

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