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Hancock, John (1737-1793) [Commission of Captain Daniel Morgan]

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Gilder Lehrman Collection #: GLC04825 Author/Creator: Hancock, John (1737-1793) Place Written: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Type: Document signed Date: 22 June 1775 Pagination: 1 p. ; 21 x 28.6 cm.

Summary of Content: Partially printed document signed by Continental Congress President John Hancock and co-signed by Charles Thomson as Secretary to Congress. The writing in the document's body was done by General George Washington. Document appoints Daniel Morgan as "Captain of a Company of Riflemen."

Background Information: After the American Revolutionary War began at the Battle of Lexington and Concord in 1775, the Continental Congress created the Continental Army. They called for the formation of ten rifle companies ...from the middle colonies to support the Siege of Boston, and late in June of 1775 Virginia agreed to send two. The Virginia House of Burgesses chose Daniel Morgan to form one of these, and serve as its captain. He recruited 96 men in ten days and assembled them at Winchester on 14 July. He then marched them to Boston, Massachusetts in only 21 days, arriving on August 6, 1775. He served with distinction through most of the Revolution. In 1794 he was briefly recalled to national service, as he led militia units to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion
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Full Transcript: IN CONGRESS.
The Delegates of the United Colonies of New-Hampshire, Massachusetts-Bay, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, the Counties of Newcastle, Kent, and Sussex on Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, ...to Daniel Morgan Esquire

We reposing especial trust ad confidence in your patriotism, valour, conduct and fidelity, DO by these presents constitute and appoint you to be Captain of a Company of Riflemen ----------------
in the army of the United Colonies, raised for the defence of American Liberty, and for repelling every hostile invasion thereof. You are therefore carefully and diligently to discharge the duty of Captain ----- by doing and performing all manner of things thereunto belonging. And we do strictly charge and require all officers and soldiers under your command, to be obedient to your orders, as Captain ------ And you are to observe and follow such orders and directions from time and time as you receive from this or a future Congress of the United Colonies, or Committee of Congress, for that purpose appointed, or Commander in Chief for the time being of the army if the United Colonies, or any other your Superior officer, according to the rules and discipline of war, in pursuance of he trust reposed in you. This commission to continue in force until revoked by this or a future Congress.
June 22d 1775. - By Order of he Congress.
Attest Cha Thompson Secy. John Hancock President
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People: Washington, George, 1732-1799
Hancock, John, 1737-1797

Historical Era: American Revolution, 1763-1783

Subjects: PresidentsRevolutionary WarMilitary HistoryContinental ArmyContinental CongressCongressGovernment and CivicsRevolutionary War General

Sub Era: The War for Independence

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